Počátek střední doby bronzové ve střední Evropě na základě modelů radiokarbonových dat

Title in English The Beginning of the Middle Bronze Age in Central Europe Based on Radiocarbon Data Models


Year of publication 2021
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description Current views on the dating of the end of the Early and the beginning of the Middle Bronze Age strongly reflect local chronologies based on the typological scheme. The beginning of the Middle Bronze Age in the region of Moravia (as in Austria, Bohemia and south Germany) was determined on the basis of pottery associated with the Tumulus culture and metals defined as the Mistelbach-Regelsbrunn period, the Lochham horizon, or the Koszider period. An important role in this asynchrony is played by the various ideas defining Koszider hoards and metals as a short episode, which was recently replaced by the longer Koszider period. We describe a way to move beyond this asynchronicity of opinions using radiocarbon dates. Dating independent of archaeological typology makes it possible to work with the entire space as a single development unit. The submitted work, along with the presentation of new radiocarbon data from the graves, also provides a synthesis of typological elements and radiocarbon data. The data models have been designed so that chronological relationships can be described with a high rate of objectivity. Possible data arrangements were presented in the discussion, helping to answer the hitherto ambiguously perceived relationships between radiocarbon dates, traditional typological and cultural patterns, between Moravia and surrounding regions. The submitted data models and proposed interpretation schemes may be supplemented, refined or revised in the future on the basis of new data.
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