Poválečný život a kolektivizace moravského venkova pohledem aktérů – malozemědělců

Title in English Post-War Life and Collectivisation of the Moravian Countryside through the Eyes of Actors – Small Farmers

VÁLKA Miroslav

Year of publication 2022
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Narodopisna Revue
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Web https://revue.nulk.cz/wp-content/uploads/2022/10/r3-2022.pdf#page=18
Keywords Czech countryside; collectivisation of Czech countryside; small farmers; 1950s; Závist (District of Blansko)
Description In the second half of the 20th century, the Czech countryside experienced two discontinuities in its development. The first one related to the collectivisation after 1948, while the other one led to the liquidation of unified agricultural cooperatives and the formation of owners’ agricultural cooperatives and agricultural enterprises of various sizes. The collectivisation of the village fundamentally changed village life, first in the economic and productive sphere, but it also interfered with the social structure of the village and the cultural sphere. It followed a well-established pattern: intensive agitation, coercion, intimidation, liquidation of large farms, but also confiscation of modern agricultural equipment (e.g. tractors). It did not only affect medium-sized peasants, and farmers, but also small farmers, the ‘progressive’ ones among whom were often at the origin of the local unified agricultural cooperative. The study uses the example of a family from the village of Závist (District of Blansko) to document the economic backg

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