Archäologische Untersuchungen zum „Zigeunerlager“ von Lety (1942-1943)

Title in English Archaeological excavations in the "Gypsy Camp" in Lety (1942-1943)


Year of publication 2023
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Archäologische Arbeitsgemeinschaft Ostbayern/West- und Südböhmen/Oberösterreich : 30. Treffen 22. bis 24. Juni 2022 in Flossenbürg
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords archeology; the archeology of the holocaust; geophysical survey; 2nd World War; concentration camp
Description Archaeological research has shown that the so-called “gypsy camp” in Lety (Distr. of Písek), where Czech Roma and Sinti were interned in 1942 and 1943, has been preserved under the surface of the current terrain in the form of archaeological remains. Only a small part of its area was destroyed in the 1970s during the construction of an industrial pig-farm. The combination of non-invasive archaeological methods and excavations made it possible to obtain tangible evidence of the conditions of life in the camp. The importance of retrieved personal items of prisoners is underlined by the fact that they represent the only material evidence of Roma and Sinti imprisoned in the camp, about 90 % of whom did not survive the Nazi Holocaust. Archaeological data, together with archive documents and the records, personal effects and memories of prisoners, thus compose a comprehensive statement about the camp in Lety, which has become the subject of heated discussion in recent decades.

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