Pozice markeru 2.SG -s v české préteritální větě

Title in English Position of the 2SG marker -s in the Czech past tense sentence


Year of publication 2023
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Přednášky a besedy z LVI. ročníku Letní školy slovanských (bohemistických) studií
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords clitics in Czech; auxiliary; phi features; compound tenses
Description The paper shows the position in which phi-auxiliary s appears with the -l-participle forming a verbal complex with the meaning of past tense. This phi-auxiliary, found only in Czech, behaves schizophrenically: (a) as a clitic preferring the Wackernagel position of C2, but appearing optionally in the position of C3 or C4 before the -l-participle; (b) as a clitic appearing in the adjacent position behind the -l-participle. In the clitic cluster, it prefers the adjacent position behind the reflexive clitics. Tests show that phi-auxiliary has the status of a clitic, not a mobile affix.
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