Eye movements during reading in children with dyslexia : An eye-tracking study

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Year of publication 2023
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description This paper investigates developmental dyslexia, a specific learning disability characterized by reading difficulties (Gabrieli, 2009), and its impact on children's education and behavior (Rello & Ballesteros, 2015; Spafford & Grosser, 1996). It explores theories linking dyslexia to visual perception and eye movements (Stein, 2001), using eye-tracking to analyze dyslexic children's reading patterns. The study's methodology involves a quantitative approach, examining eye movements in 9-10 year-old dyslexic and non-dyslexic pupils (control group) during the reading of a consistent text. Preliminary results, to be fully analyzed in 2023, indicate that dyslexic readers exhibit longer fixation durations, increased fixations, and shorter saccades compared to typical readers (Rayner, 1998), with fixation counts rising with word length (Hutzler & Wimmer, 2004). The paper aims to contribute new insights into dyslexic reading processes, enhancing diagnostic and treatment approaches, and improving teacher awareness and educational quality for dyslexic pupils in the Czech environment.
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