Bethlehem, Auflösung, Einverleibung : Überlegungen zum literarischen Produktionsraum Brünn vor und um 1900

Title in English Bethlehem, dissolution, incorporation : Reflections on the literary production space of Brno before and around 1900


Year of publication 2023
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Mitteilungen des Deutschen Germanistenverbandes
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords German literature; Moravia; modernism; Austrian literature; field theory
Description In the literary production area of (German-speaking) Moravia and the city of Brno, the dominance of heteronomous influencing factors in the literary production area, above all the national-cultural understanding of regionality, is evident. Brno's modernist currents, the Free Literary Society and the non-institutionalised "Young Brno" and "Moravian Modernism" associations, were only able to assert themselves as independent movements and present themselves to the public with great difficulty. Their always precarious existence was threatened by the "lack of members", by the impossibility of precise aesthetic self-assertion and, finally, by censorship. There can hardly be any talk of a competition between generations that differentiate themselves from one another through their respective collective platforms (magazines, anthologies). Paradoxically, however, these weakly institutionalised generations of modernism have been exposed to constant 'pressure to assimilate' from the regional, educated bourgeois literary establishment. However, this 'pressure' cannot be understood merely as external discipline. Rather, the Moravian literary 'ancients' and the 'moderns' around the turn of the century agreed that regional literature (also) had to fulfil national purposes and preserve and develop the national cultural traditions of the region.

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