Metapher als "Sehen als"

Title in English Metaphor as "seeing as"


Year of publication 2008
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Sborník prací Filozofické fakulty brněnské univerzity
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field Philosophy and religion
Keywords metaphor;seeing as;Wittgenstein
Description The problem of metaphor has come to a noteworthy revival in the analytical philosophy. Despite all progress that was made, a majority of important studies con-clude by a likening of the function of metaphor to a visual perception. Such comparison may be conceived as a metaphor as well. In his late philosophy, Ludwig Wittgenstein has spent a lot of effort to explain the use of the expression "seeing as". I argue that his explanations can be transposed to the explanation of the function of metaphor. Firstly, it is shown that all earlier attempts to do that are not satisfying. The occurrence of the expression "to see as" in everyday language has led Wittgens-tein to the elaboration of the notion "aspect" and then to the outline of a remarkable conception of the fusion of looking and thinking. Primarily these ideas should be employed in order to explain metaphors in everyday or even poetic language. Finally, such explanation connects two prominent analytical theories of metaphor given by Max Black and Donald Davidson.

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