Observance Reconsidered: The Uses and Abuses of the Reform (Individuals, Institutions, Society) (Observance Reconsidered)
The fifteenth century in Europe is regarded as a period of reform responding to a critical situation in the Church. Reform ideas spread from urbanised Italy (in form of popular piety, religious orders) to other parts of Europe, where they were confronted with similar local efforts. In Central European context, this confrontation is best exemplified by John of Capistrano, the Observants and their diffusion in the region on the one hand, and by Jan Hus and the Hussite-Utraquist tradition on the other. The project emphasizes the contrasts and parallels between the Catholic reform and that of the nascent stage of the European Reformation. In the Bohemian Lands and surrounding regions such task needs to start with editions and analysis of unpublished sources. This work provides basis for interpretative studies, which will focus on urban communities and the reception and reflection of reform in local contexts. Based on previously unpublished material, the project will illuminate the manifold, often conflicting developments leading to the early modern division in Western Christendom.
Total number of publications: 8