Optimism and Health-related Behaviour in Czech University Students and Adults

Authors

DOSEDLOVÁ Jaroslava KLIMUSOVÁ Helena BUREŠOVÁ Iva JELÍNEK Martin SLEZÁČKOVÁ Alena VAŠINA Lubomír

Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Web http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=PublicationURL&_method=list&_hubEid=1-s2.0-S1877042815X00061&_auth=y&_version=1&refSource=toc&_pubType=J&PDF_DDM_MAX=20&_cid=277811&md5=bd8c14893f41b9980fb84f3007aed99b&chunk=0&view=c&go=next&chunkSize=100&hitCoun
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.278
Field Psychology
Keywords optimism; pessimism; healt-related behavior
Description The exploratory study, conducted as a part of a research project supported by the Czech Science Foundation (No. 13-19808S), attempted to shed more light on the interrelations between dispositional optimism/pessimism, explanatory style optimism/pessimism, defensive pessimism/strategic optimism, and health-related behaviour. The main objective was to test whether findings obtained on American population and several European samples concerning positive relationships between optimism and health-related activity, and between pessimism and passivity, can be replicated on a Czech sample. The analysis of data from 268 respondents aged between 16 and 96 did not confirm any significant associations between different types of optimism/pessimism and health behaviours except for one: Promotion of mental well-being was predicted by defensive pessimism and by optimistic explanatory style, especially the stability dimension. The study also addresses the complex interrelations between different optimism/pessimism constructs, health-related behaviour, and subjective health problems.
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