Master Claretus’ Early Didactic Writings on Medicine

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Authors

ŠVANDA Libor

Year of publication 2015
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Language Centre

Citation
Description Claretus (Bartholomaeus de Solentia) is known as the author of the oldest Latin-Czech dictionaries. The greatness of his dictionary work and its importance for the Czech (and generally Slavic) lexicography overshadows Claretus as the author of other literary writings, including two Latin didactic poems related to medicine: Medicaminarius, which describes the health care, dietary regimen and also some remedies and medication; and Complexionarius, which deals with complexions (temperaments). The aim of this paper is to introduce both Claretus’ medical writings as two examples of medieval schooltexts and to point out some of their interesting features. Although quite a number of similar schooltexts were created during the Middle Ages, not many of them originated in the Czech lands. They provide an insight into the medical theory as it was taught in the middle of the 14th century in Bohemia.
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