Město na přelomu antiky a středověku

Title in English The City between Antiquity and Middle Ages


Year of publication 2016
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description The city has always been an essential element of civilization. From the first proto-urban centers in the Bronze Age they evolve into today's modern 'smart' cities. One of the most important periods of this long evolution became the turn of late antiquity and the early Middle Ages. In this period classical ancient town with its pagan monumental architecture (theaters, amphitheatres, baths, aqueducts, forums, temples) according to some declined or, according to others transformed into a medieval town, where the emphasis is on Christian buildings, walls and wide porticoed streets. This change can be monitored not only by means of written and archaeological sources, but also thanks to the surviving iconographic depiction on mosaics and frescoes. In this paper I will focus on the late antique mosaics in the Middle East which realistically depict the physical and visual status of towns in this area in late antiquity. These urban vignettes are documenting the essential role of wide streets surrounded by columns for the former company.
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