Model jazyka v synchronním a diachronním smyslu

Title in English Model of language in synchronic and diachronic sense
Authors

RACLAVSKÝ Jiří

Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Filozofia
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Field Philosophy and religion
Keywords synchronic; diachronic; language; code
Description Language can be modelled in various ways, highlighting either its social or systemic character. I assume that language is a normative phenomenon enabling speakers to communicate. At any particular time language is used, however, we are capable of determining a function which maps the expressions produced using this language to their meanings. In this contribution I propose a functional model of language in a synchronic sense. This model also solves various complications with ambivalence, etc. Then, I also propose a model of language in a diachronic sense as a function from possible worlds and time instants to languages in a synchronic sense. In this way, the intuitive idea that language changes is captured. Both models are constructed to be convenient tools mainly for the investigation of semantic properties of expressions of that language.
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