Optimismus v kontextu chování souvisejícího se zdravím

Title in English Optimism in the context of the health - related behavior
Authors

DOSEDLOVÁ Jaroslava

Year of publication 2017
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Description The contribution summarizes the main outputs of research supported by the Czech Science Foundation in years 2013-2016 called “Health-promoting and Health-threatening Behaviour: Determinants, Models, Consequences” registered under no. 13-19808S. The central topic is to examine the relationship between optimism/pessimism and individual components of health-related behaviour. We were interested in the trends in caring for one's health among Czech adults as well. To this end, we examined a large research sample (N = 1268) for the effects of age and gender on health-related behaviour. The question was whether men and women in four age groups (20-35, 36-50, 51-65, 65 and above) differ in the extent of their health-related behaviour. The results of the study have confirmed all assumptions. Young adults show the lowest avoidance of addictive substances. Attention paid to healthy diet increases with age but the rate of physical activity decreases. The degree of optimism (dispositional, explanatory, strategic) / pessimism (dispositional, explanatory, defensive) did not prove to be a significant predictor in relation to individual factors of health-promoting behaviour.
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