Zákony římské republiky ve 4. a 5. knize Orosiových Historiae adversus paganos

Title in English The Laws of the Roman Republic in the 4th and 5th Books of Orosius's Historiae Adversus Paganos


Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Kultúrne dejiny
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field History
Keywords Roman Republic; Orosius; Historiae Adversus Paganos; leges publicae
Description In his work Historiae Adversus Paganos, the presbyter Orosius, living at the turn of the 4th and 5th centuries AD, wrote the history of mankind from the beginning of the world until 417 AD. At the request of St. Augustine, he had been expected to write his universal history in such a manner as to support the concept of history contained in Augustine‘s work De civitate Dei. This intention greatly influenced the selection of events being described in Orosius‘s History. Despite this specificity, his work is today considered by historians to be a relevant source for the history of the Roman Republic. While writing his Historiae adversus paganos, Orosius devoted a great deal of attention to the Roman history. He deals with it in the greater part of his book, namely in the fourth to seventh books. The period of the Roman Republic is described in the fourth, fifth, and partly in the sixth book. In the enumeration of wars, adverse signs and many disasters, there are also short references to laws, their approvals or retractions. In my paper I deal with selected passages of Orosius‘s History dealing with Roman laws and compare them with the texts by other authors in whose works attention is paid to the same laws. The main attention is then paid to older ancient authors, such as T. Livius, Eutropius or Florus, where historians believe that their works inspired Orosius while writing his History.
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