Josef Čapek a estetika "okraje"
|Title in English||Josef Čapek and aesthetics of the “margin”|
|Year of publication||2019|
|Type||Appeared in Conference without Proceedings|
|MU Faculty or unit|
|Description||Josef Čapek´s extensive work in the field of fine arts is more famouse than theoretical texts about reflection of art, aesthetic columnets and essays (Umění přírodních národů, Nejskromnější umění, Málo o mnohém). In this paper we will focus on Čapek's interest in so-called modest art. Modest art is art of suburban peripherals, new genres, applied art and folk art. According to Čapek, these artefacts has a specific aesthetic value, which in its simplicity, truthfulness and ordinaryity offers a counterbalance to traditional high art and new trends in modern art. Based on Čapek's often freely expressed remarks, we will try to formulate the basic arguments of criticism of modernism, the social function of art, the concept of aesthetic value with respect to the distinction between high and low art. We will try to introduce Josef Čapek as an art theorist or aesthetist, whose interest turned to marginal genres and artistic expressions and brought them back to the center through his own artistic creation and through the interest of art itself. His theory of modest art anticipated the ideas of postmodern art and aesthetics about 40 years.|