Poslední poloroubený dům čp. 124 v Kopřivnici v kontextu sídelní struktury lánové vsi

Title in English The last half-timbered house number 124 in Kopřivnice in the kontext of a waldhufendorf settlement structure


Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Museum Vivum. Časopis českých muzeí v přírodě
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Web http://muzeavprirode.cz/zdroj/?mc_kategorie=44&mc_autor=&mc_order=date_desc&mc_pdf=on
Keywords vernacular architecture; agriculture; industry; building research; Waldhufendorf
Description This paper attempts to imagine how the settlement structures of former Waldhufendorf villages (rural settlements in forest clearings arranged in a line along a road or waterway) began the transformation process into modern towns, using the example of the construction history of a simple cottage, number 124, in Kopřivnice. The introduction outlines the origin and emergence of the medieval village and its subsequent form in the first half of the 19th century, when it still retained the agricultural character of a Waldhufendorf. From the second half of the 19th century, agricultural land was gradually re-allotted due to the increasing density of housing development caused by the expansion of local industry. Not only were there changes in the general picture of the village, but the structure of the village population changed too. Most of the peasants became metal workers and they principally earned their living by working in the local factories producing barouches and carriages. The transformation of economic and social conditions in Kopřivnice was ultimately reflected in the form of local housing developments. The documented half-timbered house number 124, which until 2018 remained one of the last examples of a Kopřivnice village building, also underwent construction changes.
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