Badatelské přesahy německojazyčného národopisu českých zemí třicátých a čtyřicátých let 20. století

Title in English Research Overlaps in the German-Language Ethnography of the Czech Lands in the 1930s and 1940s


Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Národopisný věstník
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords German University in Prague; History of ethnology; Moravian Wallachia; Sudetenland ethnography; Tribal ethnography (stammheitliche Volkskunde)
Description The study deals with the German-language (Sudeten German) ethnography in the Czech lands, exemplifying it with an analysis and contextualization of a selected hand-written source concerning annual customs in Moravian Wallachia (Walter Repper: Das Kirchenjahr und seine Feste bei den mährischen Walachen). In his text, the author points out the parallelism in the development of Czech-language and German-language ethnographic research in the 19th and early 20th centuries. This research showed only rare overlaps and contacts between ethnically defined societies. However, the 1930s saw an increasing interest of German researchers in the culture of Slavic inhabitants of the Czech lands. This trend was based on the concept of “tribal ethnography” (stammheitliche Volkskunde) and it was consummated by the establishment of an independent department at German University in Prague, which focused on tribal history and ethnography of Moravia (Lehrstuhl für Volkskunde und Stammesgeschichte Mährens). It is in the context of this Sudeten German ethnography´s orientation that Walter Repper´s manuscript about customs and habits in Moravian Wallachia is analysed. The manuscript is dated to 1939. The author of it studied at German University in Prague at the turn of the 1940s, and he wrote the work most probably as part of a students´ practical training. The content of the manuscript is compared with earlier published works about customary culture of Wallachia, and subsequently particular sources of inspiration are identified. The author of the study tries to highlight to which degree the focus of Repper´s work corresponds to the application of the “tribal ethnography”
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