Grenze – Kontaktzone – Niemandsland. Die March-Thaya-Region während des frühen Mittelalters

Title in English Frontier – Contact Zone – No Man’s Land. The Morava-Thaya-region during the Early Middle Ages


Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Beiträge zur Mittelalterarchäologie in Österreich
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Web Beiträge zur Mittelalterarchäologie in Österreich (BMÖ)
Keywords Early Middle Ages; Weinviertel region; Moravia; Border Zone; Contact Zone
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Description The rivers Thaya and Morava define large parts of the border between Austria and the Czech Republic today. In the past this border region underwent serious transformations that culminated in the fall of the Iron Curtain. Fortunately, the frontier has again become permeable for interaction, exchange and communication. Considerable transformation processes can be observed for the Early Middle Ages and – depending on the context – the Morava-Thaya region is seen as a frontier, as a contact zone or as a no man’s land, where in different periods different systems meet: For the 6th and 7th centuries no real border can be seen. This changes in the 8th century, when a separation of different systems – subsumed under the terms Slavic and Avar – takes place. In the 9th century there is the Carolingian Empire to the south-west and Great-Moravia to the north-east. Due to the Hungarian wars and also because of ecological changes the region experienced regression in the 10th century. However, only a few decades later new settlements flourish aside from the old centres. Finally, in the 11th century, the region evolves to a border triangle between Přemyslid Moravia, Árpád Hungary and the Babenberg march.
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