Der Schub in der Habsburgermonarchie. Instrument zur Aufrechterhaltung der öffentlichen Ordnung oder Hilfe bei der Armenfürsorge?

Title in English Der Schub (removal, return at home) in the Habsburg monarchy. An Instrument to preserve public order or assistance in poor relief ?


Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Střed. Časopis pro mezioborová studia
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords Removal; Poor relief; Public space; Crime; Pauperism; Habsburg monarchy; the 19th century
Description The removal (Schub), i.e. the enforced transportation of people to their “official home”, is today a forgotten process which existed in the Habsburg monarchy from the mid-18th century and was adopted by both the First Austrian Republic and First Czechoslovak Republic. This study analyses removal using legal-historical analyses and a micro-historical approach. An analysis of the legal rulings surrounding removal shows an ever greater centralization of the removal agenda and, at the same time, the decentralization of removal costs. The micro-historical approach presents a view of an ordinary day in a Moravian village in 1828, which lay on the main removal route. This study attempts to show how communities were put under pressure by removal, which regularly and over the long term drained human resources and was a source of conflict in the rural communities.
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