Malíř Rudolf Quittner, pozdní žák Camilla Pissarra a Clauda Moneta

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Title in English The painter Rudolf Quittner, a late pupil of Camille Pissarro and Claude Monet


Year of publication 2020
Type Chapter of a book
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description It was not until around 1900 – a quarter of a century after the first joint exhibition of Impressionists in Paris – that their artistic style was officially recognized and consequently spread throughout Europe and overseas, albeit in a modified form. At that time, artists from different countries came to France to study the work of the founding fathers of Impressionism; some of them were able to make personal encounters with the artists and even became their pupils. Born in Opava, where his grandfather and father owned a broadcloth factory, Rudolf Quittner (1872–1910) was amongst them. Having graduated from a technical school, Rudolf worked in the factory as a draughtsman and head clerk. He was attracted to fine arts, to which he fully devoted himself from 1901 and won numerous awards. He studied in Venice and Paris, where he also settled and died in the nearby Neuilly-sur-Seine as a consequence of a severe illness. His second studio was in Vienna, where he participated in the activities of the traditional association of visual artists, called ‘Künstlerhaus’ after its headquarters. He considered Camille Pissarro his principal teacher, but was influenced also by Claude Monet, Frits Thaulow, Paul Signac, and Henri Le Sidaner; from Impressionism and Pointillism, he then moved towards the symbolism of Art Nouveau. He specialized in landscape painting, excelling especially in urban vistas and depiction of the water element. He drew motifs from France, his native Silesia, Moravia and elsewhere. After his death, an almost unknown Parisian painter named Julian Bucas accused Quittner of faking authorship of works that had been actually painted by him, which seems to be questionable. Rudolf Quittner has not yet been considered a representative of Czech Impressionism; this chapter is meant to change that.
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