“… rogans eum sibi in auxilium contra superbiam Teutonicorum”: The Imaging of ‘Theutonici’ in Bohemian Medieval Sources between the Ninth and Fourteenth Centuries

Authors

KALHOUS David

Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Germans and Poles in the Middle Ages. The Perception of the 'Other' and the Presence of Mutual Ethnic Stereotypes in Medieval Narrative Sources
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Keywords Historiographies; identity; high middle Ages; Late Middle Ages; Central Europe
Description “Who established Germans judges over the nations?”, asked 1160 John of Salisbury in one of his letters and in following years criticizes “German tyrant”, emperor Frederick I Barbarossa (1152-1190). Was his criticism on “Germans” unique? Moreover, who were those “Germans”, he criticized so severely? And what do different techniques of “othering” tell about identifications of those medieval historians, who used them? In this paper, in the first step, focus will be on the image of “Theutonici” in selected Bohemian high medieval historiographical sources. Second, these imaging of “Theutonici” will be contextualized within differing strategies of identifications of individual medieval historians. This will become an important stepping stone for understanding differing definitions of belonging to the ethnic group, which developed to an argument within the debates among the different social groups in medieval Czech lands.

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