Literární tvorba jako jedna z cest pochopení postkomunistické doby

Title in English Literary Works as one of the Way of Understanding the Post-Communist Period


Year of publication 2021
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description "Memory is an inexhaustible resource that affects our perceptions of life as we perceive it. Without the memory of the past, it would hardly be possible to orient oneself in the present and plan for the future "- states Alexander Kratochvil in his introduction to the anthology of theoretical texts. This idea once again confirms the direction of the modern humanities, which are increasingly turning to interconnected areas of interdisciplinary research, such as memory studies and trauma studies. It was at the turn of the 1950s and 1960s that scientists began to think of memory in other contexts, not only as a psychological function of human consciousness to forget or store information, which Sigmund Freud noticed in his psychoanalytic theory, but also as an essential part of shaping identity, nation and society. And given that one of the most powerful mechanisms for understanding identity is an adequate understanding of the nature of the traumas that nations have been destined to experience in the past, memory studies and trauma studies are becoming tools to understand the complex post-communist context. One of the possibilities of looking at the past is culture and the projection of events of a certain time into it, and it is precisely the fictional worlds of literary texts that reflect the awareness and being of the then generation. In Ukrainian literary studies, memory studies and trauma studies are relatively new and inexpensive directions of research, but in Ukraine the issue of memory is very important and relates not only to the memory of the past, but also to the image of the past in collective perception. A number of Ukrainian researchers, such as Volodymyr Vyatrovych, Alla Kyrydon, Jaroslav Hrycak, Oksana Kis, Mykola Ryabchuk, etc., have already touched on this issue in their works, and Oksana Puchonska attempts to address this issue collectively in his monograph Literary Dimensions of Memory.
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