Intra-site analýza sídliskového odpadu ako prameň poznania života človeka v neolite

Title in English Intra-site analysis of settlement waste as a source of knowledge of the life in the Neolithic


Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Otázky neolitu a eneolitu našich krajín - 2017-2019
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords Archaeology; Prehistoric Archaeology; Neolithic Archaeology; Household Archaeology; Household Economics; Neolithic Europe; Settlement archaeology; Neolithic
Description Focus on the life of past societies is at the forefront of scientific research in recent years. For the reconstruction of the day-to-day life of the Neolithic household, an archaeological material was obtained through the excavation of the farmstead (house with lateral clay extraction pits and adjacent sunken features) in site Těšetice-Kyjovice “Sutny IV”. This study aims to propose a model of subsistence strategy of the investigated household using intra-site analysis of the settlement refuse accumulated around the longhouse and its vicinity. The process of filling of individual features was reconstructed based on the fragmentization index, which depends on the archaeological feature and type of the artefact. Results of this study point out to dynamic filling process of the sunken features. The concentration of settlement refuse was observed around the southern part of the house (where the main entrance is considered) as well as in the features along the western house wall, where we assume a side entrance to the house. Both concentrations of the refuse suggest its deposition near the communications and in the periphery of areas of activities of the given household. Heterogeneous fragmentization of the main artefact groups was affected by the different period during which the artefacts were exposed to cultural and non-cultural transformation processes. Therefore it is not possible to determine whether the analyzed settlement refuse can be connected directly with the activities of the studied household or it is a result of the waste accumulation of several households within the settlement.
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