Baltic *ju:ra:-/-(i)ja:- ‘sea’ & *jaura-/-(i)ja- ‘wet soil, bog, deep water’



Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Acta Linguistica Lithuanica
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords appellative; hydronym; toponym; etymology; semantic parallel
Description This article analyses the Common Baltic term *ju:r- ‘sea’ with its vrddhi-formation *jaur- ‘wet soil, bog, deep water’, their toponymic traces in the macro-Baltic area, probable borrowings identifiable in Fenno-Permic *jür? ‘deep place in water’ and Fenno-Volgaic *järwä ‘lake’, probable external cognates in Armenian jowr ‘water’, and in the hydronyms Iuras & Zyras from Eastern Thrace and the Gaulish oronym Jura with regard to the semantic connection of the meanings ‘deep’ and ‘high’. These partial steps lead to the final conclusion that the primary meaning of the Baltic root *ju:r- was ‘deep water’.
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