Volha - řeka sedmi jmen

Title in English Volga - a riven with seven names
Authors

BLAŽEK Václav

Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Linguistica Brunensia
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Web Plný text
Keywords river; Volga; hydronym; etymology
Description This article analyzes the names which denote or could denote the mightest river of Europe – the Volga, namely Old Russian Volga, Mordovian Rav(o), Mari Jul, Turkic Ätil, preceded by Byzantine records as Attilas, Aste:l, Atel, Til etc., further Araxe:s, Oaros, Lukos by Herodotus, Rha by Ptolemy, plus names of the mythical rivers Rangha:- in the Young Avesta and Rasa:- in the Rgve¬da. Their etymologies are discussed in detail and the most probable of them are finally presented in specific quasi-homonymous chains of names that elucidate mechanisms of ethnic and language changes along the shores of the river. In Appendix the text passages are summarized to illustrate important information about the river in various literary and historical contexts.
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