Christian textual amulet on a lead sheet from Rękawczyn in Greater Poland Province



Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Sprawozdania archeologiczne
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Web stránky časopisu
Keywords Christian amulet; lead amulet; protective magic; Gospel of John; Gothic minuscule; medieval archaeology
Description The subject of this article is the discovery of a lead amulet with an engraved Latin inscription. It was found in Rękawczyn (the eastern part of Greater Poland) in 2018 during research conducted by the District Museum in Konin. This artefact is the first and so far only find of its kind in the Polish context. It was identified by comparing it to similar finds from Germany and Bohemia from the 11th–13th centuries that bear apotropaic Latin inscriptions. This paper presents the circumstances and overall context of the find as well as a reconstruction of the Latin text. The text on the amulet consists of 24 lines (damaged especially on the inner part), which are barely legible and which contain a long quotation from the Gospel of John followed by an apotropaic formula with magical words. The reconstruction of the text is accompanied by a tentative interpretation and commentary. The palaeographical analysis of the script (Gothic minuscule) dated the amulet to the second half of the 14th century. The study presents the amulet in the wider context of similar inscriptions of European origin.
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