Application of Geophysical Methods in Archaeological Survey of Early Medieval Fortifications

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Year of publication 2022
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Remote Sensing
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

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Keywords hillfort; fortification; early medieval period; archaeological excavation; geophysical methods; magnetometry; electrical resistivity tomography; ground-penetrating radar
Description As powerful economic and cultural centers, fortified sites played an important role in early medieval society. In Central Europe, early medieval fortified site research has been an essential topic for several generations. However, gradual changes in the landscape are a threat to these cultural heritage monuments. The main task of this paper was to compare the previous results from archaeological excavations with new data acquired by geophysical methods. The presented study is based on the three methods widely used in archaeology: magnetometry, ground-penetrating radar, and electrical resistivity tomography. New surveys provide information about the internal structure and the state of preservation of the fortifications in a non-destructive way. Comparison of the results encourages the evaluation of archaeological excavation and helps determine the suitability and effectiveness of geophysical methods in specific natural conditions.
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