Common Sense Inference using Verb Valency Frames

This publication doesn't include Faculty of Arts. It includes Faculty of Informatics. Official publication website can be found on



Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Text, Speech and Dialogue
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Informatics

Field Informatics
Keywords common sense inference; common sense; implicit knowledge; verb valency; valency frame; valency lexicon
Description In this paper we discuss common-sense reasoning from verb valency frames. While seeing verbs as predicates is not a new approach, processing inference as a transformation of valency frames is a promising method we developed with the help of large verb valency lexicons. We went through the whole process and evaluated it on several levels: parsing, valency assignment, syntactic transformation, syntactic and semantic evaluation of the generated propositions. We have chosen the domain of cooking recipes. We built a corpus with marked noun phrases, verb phrases and dependencies among them. We have manually created a basic set of inference rules and used it to infer new propositions from the corpus. Next, we extended this basic set and repeated the process. At first, we generated 1,738 sentences from 175 rules. 1,633 sentences were judged as (syntactically) correct and 1,533 were judged as (semantically) true. After extending the basic rule set we generated 2,826 propositions using 276 rules. 2,598 propositions were judged correct and 2,433 of the propositions were judged true.
Related projects: