The relationship between the State and the Universities in the Czech lands 1849–1939

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Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Acta Poloniae Historica
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords university autonomy; state higher education policy; management and personnel regulations; 1849–1939
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Description This text summarises the results of extensive research into the relationship between the state and universities in 1849–1939, i.e. between the so-called ‘Thun reform’ and the closure of Czech universities by the Nazis. The focus is on the state’s respect for the privileged position of universities and the monitoring of tensions arising from the clash between legislation and the universities’ day-to-day opera- tions, resulting mainly from satisfying the economic needs of universities on the one hand, and the interpretation of the responsibility and discipline of their aca- demic staff towards the state and society on the other. The research shows the advancing erosion of the so-called Prussian (Humboldt’s) concept of an autonomous national-oriented university and the difficult search for a democratic alternative in interwar Central Europe’s unstable political and economic conditions.
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