“Olympism” and Olympic Education in Greek Antiquity



Rok publikování 2019
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Studia Sportiva
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

www https://journals.muni.cz/studiasportiva/article/view/11537/10796
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.5817/StS2019-1-8
Klíčová slova Games; Greek antiquity; nudity; olympism; olympic education; sports buildings; winners
Popis The paper deals with basic components of the Olympic and “sport“ education in Greek antiquity. Until the emergence of professionalism in ancient athletics, the basis of “sport” education and Olympism lied in free “sport“, nudity, construction of “sports“ buildings, organizing of many games and relation of society to the Olympic winners as well as leading the citizens to cultural and philosophical ideals. The education preparing for the Olympic Games and “sport“ played the important role in ancient Greece. Victory in the Panhellenic Games was very important not only for the victors as individuals, but also for their lineage and the city-state. Each victor entered the level close to the heroes and gods. He acquired semi-divine status and the homages payed to him by whole society and mainly the city-states were of great importance for cultural outputs and the conception of all society. The massive influence of victors on youth was one of the most important educational elements in all ancient Greek culture. The winners of great Panhellenic Games, especially the winners of the Olympic Games or periodonikoi, were the best role models. Success of ancient athletes supported sport education of young Greek boys, thus also the military training and this conception created better warriors and defenders of the city-states.
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