Outgroup threat and the emergence of cohesive groups: A cross-cultural examination

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LANG Martin XYGALATAS Dimitrios KAVANAGH C.M. BOCCARDI N. HALBERSTADT J. JACKSON C. MARTINEZ M. REDDISH P. TONG E.M.W. VAZQUEZ A. WHITEHOUSE H. YAMAMOTO M.E. YUKI M. GOMEZ A.

Rok publikování 2021
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj GROUP PROCESSES & INTERGROUP RELATIONS
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

Citace
www https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/13684302211016961
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/13684302211016961
Klíčová slova activity; cohesion; mirroring; outgroup threat; proximity; willingness to fight
Popis Evolutionary models and empirical evidence suggest that outgroup threat is one of the strongest factors inducing group cohesion; however, little is known about the process of forming such cohesive groups. We investigated how outgroup threat galvanizes individuals to affiliate with others to form engaged units that are willing to act on behalf of their in-group. A total of 864 participants from six countries were randomly assigned to an outgroup threat, environmental threat, or no-threat condition. We measured the process of group formation through physical proximity and movement mirroring along with activity toward threat resolution, and found that outgroup threat induced activity and heightened mirroring in males. We also observed higher mirroring and proximity in participants who perceived the outgroup threat as a real danger, albeit the latter results were imprecisely estimated. Together, these findings help understand how sharing subtle behavioral cues influences collaborative aggregation of people under threat.
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