Rate Acceleration of the Heterogeneous Reaction of Ozone with a Model Alkene at the Air-Ice Interface at Low Temperatures

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Publikace nespadá pod Filozofickou fakultu, ale pod Přírodovědeckou fakultu. Oficiální stránka publikace je na webu muni.cz.

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RAY Debajyoti MALONGWE Joseph K'ekuboni KLÁN Petr

Rok publikování 2013
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Environmental Science and Technology
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es304812t
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es304812t
Obor Organická chemie
Klíčová slova Photochemistry; Ice; Snow; Ozone
Popis The kinetics of the ozonation reaction of 1,1-diphenylethylene (DPE) on the surface of ice grains (also called "artificial snow"), produced by shock-freezing of DPE aqueous solutions or DPE vapor-deposition on pure ice grains, was studied in the temperature range of 268 to 188 K. A remarkable and unexpected increase in the apparent ozonation rates with decreasing temperature was evaluated using the Langmuir-Hinshelwood and Eley-Rideal kinetic models, and by estimating the apparent specific surface area of the ice grains. We suggest that an increase of the number of surface reactive sites, and possibly higher ozone uptake coefficients are responsible for the apparent rate acceleration of DPE zonation at the air ice interface at lower temperatures. The increasing number of reactive sites is probably related to the fact that organic molecules are displaced more to the top of a disordered interface (or quasi liquid) layer on the ice surface, which makes them more accessible to the gas phase reactants. The effect of NaCl as a cocontaminant on ozonation rates was also investigated. The environmental implications of this phenomenon for natural ice/snow are discussed. DPE was selected as an example of environmentally relevant species which can react with ozone. For typical atmospheric ozone concentrations in polar areas (20 ppbv), we estimated that its half-life on the ice surface would decrease from similar to 5 days at 258 K to similar to 13 h at 188 K at submonolayer DPE loadings.
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