Size specific distribution of the atmospheric particulate PCDD/Fs, dl-PCBs and PAHs on a seasonal scale: Implications for cancer risks from inhalation

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Publikace nespadá pod Filozofickou fakultu, ale pod Přírodovědeckou fakultu. Oficiální stránka publikace je na webu muni.cz.

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DEGRENDELE Celine OKONSKI Krzysztof MELYMUK Lisa Emily LANDLOVÁ Linda KUKUČKA Petr ČUPR Pavel KLÁNOVÁ Jana

Rok publikování 2014
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Atmospheric Environment
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S135223101400692X
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.09.001
Obor Znečištění a kontrola vzduchu
Klíčová slova Persistent organic pollutants; Particle-bound; Size distribution; Seasonal variation; Human risk assessment
Popis This study presents the seasonal size distribution of particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) in the atmosphere. Particles were sampled from October 2009 to October 2010 on a seasonal basis using a cascade impactor collecting six size fractions at a rural and urban site in the Brno area, Czech Republic. Higher concentrations of PAHs, PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs were observed in cold seasons at both sites, attributed to the seasonality of the gas-particle partitioning, the increase of emissions and the lower boundary mixing layer in winter. All of the compounds showed a strong accumulation in the fine fraction, with, on average, 71% of Sigma PAHs, 73% of Sigma PCDD/Fs and 60% of Sigma dl-PCBs associated with particles <0.95 mu m. The human risk assessment via inhalation was addressed and followed the same pattern as for concentrations, with 41 and 7 times higher risk in winter compared to summer at the rural and urban sites, respectively. More than 70% of cancer risks of PAHs, PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs was associated with particles <0.95 mu m. Moreover, an overestimation of the cancer risk via inhalation of up to 50% occurred when the size distribution of related compounds was not considered. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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