Imagines maiorum and Posthumous Masks of Ancient Civilizations

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BARTŮNĚK Jiří

Rok publikování 2019
Druh Článek ve sborníku
Konference Klasické rozhovory = Colloquia classica
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

Citace
Klíčová slova imagines maiorum; posthumous mask; ancient Rome
Popis This paper deals with the depictions of deceased in antiquity, specifically it focuses on the Roman imagines maiorum and the issue of their form. A number of scholars take up older claims and understand imagines as just another of the series of posthumous masks of the ancient world (Daremberg – Saglio 1887–1919, 412–14, 1019; Zadoks-Josephus Jitta 1932, 11–21). In the light of the claims made below, this article will attempt to show that the issue in question is much more complex and that the question of their visual appearance can not be definitively and easily decided on the basis of any older research tradition. First, however, the paper will briefly introduce posthumous masks of other civilizations of antiquity, and will focus directly on the post-mortem images in ancient Rome, specifically discussing the shape and function of imagines, and then attempting to show the material examples that are relevant to this subject and which in some cases are neglected in the works devoted to this subject.
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