Die Entstehung der Mühlhausener Chronik im historischen Kontext

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Rok publikování 2021
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

Klíčová slova The Chronicle of Milevsko; Premonstratensians; The Fourth Lateran Council; Czech lands
Popis The manuscript today preserved at the Royal Premonstratensian Monastery of Strahov in Prague, under the shelfmark DF III 1, has attracted the attention of historians since the Enlightenment. Its most important section, which has been edited several times, carries the annals of the Prague canon Vincent, together with the continuations of Abbot Gerlach of Mühlhausen and one of the earliest copies of the history of Emperor Frederich Barbarossa’s crusade to the Holy Land. To date, however, the purposes underlying this assembly of material have hardly been considered. Marginal notes show that Abbot Gerlach arranged for the copying of these pieces, and that he did so in the period between 1214 and 1222. At this time, the fierce if unsuccessful efforts of the bishop of Prague to enforce his diocesan authority and the related decrees of the Fourth Lateran Council had brought tur¬moil to the ecclesiastical and political environment of Bohemia. These struggles extended to the Premonstratensians of Bohemia, who were experiencing their own internal crisis of religious discipline. Gerlach, as one of the bishop’s few supporters, assembled these items with a view towards building a chronicle that might remind the Premonstratensians of their original identity.
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